Film Reciprocity Tables

Here you find some Reciprocity tables for the most used Films. (others may follow)
I took the data from the original data sheets of the Film or collected them on other places on the internet.

What is Reciprocity and why do u need this table?

Most of the time, when you plan to do a long-term exposure, longer than one second, you will see the effect of reciprocity.
In simple terms, Reciprocity means, that when you expose your film to the light for (most of the time) longer than one second,
the effect that the light has on the emulsion is reduced. Therefore you have to alter your exposure time to get a correctly exposed image.
Also, reciprocity could take effect, when you expose your image for a shorter time than 1/1000s.

The following tables give you the start time (the exposure time you plan to shoot at) and the corrected time (the altered exposure time).
Really hope this table is helpful for you. Please feel free to share this link. :-)

How to calculate reciprocity correction.

Most film manufacturers provide you with graphs on which you can search for your measured time and then read your corrected time. But most of the time you do not find the exact time you measured, that ´s why some of the manufacturers provide you with the so-called (most of the time) “P factors”.
With that given “P factor” and the following Formula, you can calculate your exact corrected exposure time. Please note, that with some Films, the reciprocity curve is not linear. Means that most of the time the formula only works with higher measured exposure times. Mostly 50s+ (usually you find further information in the datasheet of the Film.)

Here is the Formula.
Tc=TM^p (TC= Time Corrected TM= Time Measured p=1,31 (P is a factor calculated following a range of exposure times) )

Warning: Some of the times were as already mentioned taken from other online resources, some were calculated by myself. I can’t give you any guaranty! Use at own risk!


Kodak´s official Reciprocity Diagram ends at 100sec measured time (1,40min).

Thankfully the friendly support of Kodak, provided me with “P factors” so you will be able to calculate values from 50s+ with that factor.
Note until a measured time of 50s the formula will not work, since until 50s the light curve is not linear. Keep that in Mind. :-)
For Tri-X, the “P factor” is 1.54.

The values of them are calculated using the given “P factor”. I stopped calculating at 20m measured time
since to me it started making no sense to use even longer times.

start time2s3s4s8s10s15s20s30s40s1m1,40m3m?4m?6m?10m?15m?20m?30m?1h?
corrected time481536501,35m2m3,3m5m9m10s20m49m 32s1h 17m2h 24m5h 16m9h 50m15h 20XXXXXX

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Times were taken from another online resource, I could not find an exact table in Kodak´s datasheets.
I calculated the times from 1m with a “P factor” for T-Max 100, which was also given to me, directly by Kodak.
The “P factor” is 1.15

start time2s5s10s15s20s30s1m2m4m10m20m1h
corrected time37152535501m 50s4m 6s9m 6s26m 6s57m 55s3h 24m


For Kodak T-Max 400, I Also got the “P factor” directly from Kodak.
The “P factor” for Kodak T-MAX 400 is 1.24. Also, keep in mind that this value only works from 50s (measured time ) up.

start time1s101520s20s50s1m2m4m10m20m1h
corrected time+1/3stop15sca. 25sca. 25sca. 35s2m 8s2m 40s6m 18s14m 54s46m 25s1h 49m 39s7h 08m


I calculated the times based on the datasheet of Ilford with the following formula also mentioned in the beginning of the article: Tc=TM^p (TC= Time Corrected TM= Time Measured p=1,31 (P is a factor calculated following a range of exposure times, provided by Ilford) )

You can find the Values for the different Ilford film HERE

The Reciprocity calculator app for Ilford gives me extremely different times. So I decided to go with the values directly from Ilford’s data sheet.

start time5s10s15s20s25s30s1m2m4m6m ?10m ?20m ?1h ?
corrected time8s20,4s34,7,6s50,6s1,08m1,26m3,33m8,49m21,52m37,12m1h 12m ?3h 7sec ?12h 39m ?

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Kodak Professional Color Negative Films

For the prof. Kodak colour negative films Kodak tolled me as follows:

“For our professional colour negative films, no filter correction or exposure compensation is required for exposures from 1/10.000 second to 1 second.
For critical applications with longer exposure times, it is best to do some testing under your conditions.”

Mummy 400 (experimental black and white film)

These are some correction times I found during an internet research. I never shot this film so I can not guarantee for them to be 100% right.
Especially between 1- and 10s I recommend further experimentation.

start time1/1000s-1/2s1s10s100s
Time correction1x1.5x (1.5s)6x (60s)8x (800s)
Aperture correction0-1-2.5-3

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